Recurrence in biological and artificial neural networks: similarities, differences, and why it matters

Recurrence is an overloaded term in the context of neural networks, with disparate colloquial meanings in the machine learning and the neuroscience communities. The difference is narrowing, however, as the artificial neural networks (ANNs) used for practical applications are increasingly sophisticated and more like biological neural networks (BNNs) in some ways (yet still vastly different […]

Deep Learning versus Biological Neurons: floating-point numbers, spikes, and neurotransmitters

In recent years, “deep learning” AI models have often been touted as “working like the brain,” in that they are composed of artificial neurons mimicking those of biological brains. From the perspective of a neuroscientist, however, the differences between deep learning neurons and biological neurons are numerous and distinct. In this blog post we’ll start […]